Pelvic Pain

Top Reasons for Pelvic Pain

While it is fairly common in women, a sharp or noticeable pain in the pelvic region is difficult to dismiss. Not all pelvic pain is serious or warrants immediate treatment. However, whether it is a chronic discomfort or an acute sharp twinge, it is important that you pay attention to pelvic pain as a woman. In some cases, pelvic pain can lead to serious complications such as infertility if not addressed in a timely manner.

Depending on the type, severity and duration of your pelvic pain, there can be a broad range of culprits. Like most medical symptoms, it is critical that you get to the root cause of your pelvic discomfort so that an effective treatment plan can be put in place.

Acute Pelvic Pain Vs. Chronic Pelvic Pain

One of the first steps in diagnosing your pelvic pain will be to determine if the pain is chronic or acute. Acute pain is typically sudden and sharp. It may seem that the pain appears out of nowhere. Here are the two most common reasons why you may feel acute pelvic pain as a woman:

Ovarian Cyst

Pain on one side is indicative of an ovarian cyst. Ovarian cysts commonly occur when the ovarian follicles do not fully open to release the egg or they get clogged with fluid. These types of cyst resolve on their own in most cases. However, if they persist or the pain gets worse, they may be at risk for rupturing.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

PID develops when a bacterial infection (from an STD) spreads to the womb. Unfortunately, PID can lead to permanent damage to the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. This type of acute pelvic pain demands treatment to help avoid infertility. In fact, 1 in 8 women with PID struggle to get pregnant.

Unlike acute pain, chronic pelvic pain is any type of pain that persists for six months or longer. The following conditions commonly lead to chronic pelvic pain.

Menstrual cramps

Most women experience menstrual cramps each month. It is caused by the uterus contracted or tightening before it sheds its lining. However, it’s important to know when your menstrual pain is too severe or abnormal. If you have unbearable menstrual pain, call your gynecologist for relief.


Endometriosis is a leading cause of chronic pelvic pain. This occurs when the uterus lining grows in places it was not intended to grow. The mild to severe pelvic pain of endometriosis can appear with other symptoms such as bleeding between periods, bloating, nausea, infertility and painful periods. A physician needs to evaluate and help you manage this type of chronic pelvic pain.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are common STDs that can cause pelvic pain. You may also have painful urination, bleeding or unusual vaginal discharge.

Treating Pelvic Pain

If you have noticeable pelvic pain, want to know about it at North Pointe OB/GYN. We can determine if your pelvic pain is serious of if it can simply be monitored or even dismissed. With so many different causes of pelvic pain, it is best to let a board certified gynecologist evaluate your symptoms sooner rather than later. Call our Cumming office today to book your appointment.

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